The accuracy of this proposal was proven by dating a piece of wood from an Ancient Egyptian barge, of whose age was already known.
From that point on, scientist have used these techniques to examine fossils, rocks, and ocean currents and determine age and event timing.
A laboratory model especially created to “reproduce”, i.e.
to simulate the physical/chemical conditions of the 1532 Chambéry fire was developed for the purpose of determining experimentally the probability that fire-induced chemical modifications of the Turin Shroud textile cellulose had occurred and evaluating its possible impact on the radiocarbon dating results.
Carbon dating has shown that the cloth was made between 12 AD.
Thus, the Turin Shroud was made over a thousand years after the death of Jesus.
In these studies, both old Russian and old Middle Eastern (En Gedi, Israel,100) linen textile samples were tested by near-IR reflectance spectrophotometry, field ionization/field desorption mass spectrometry, and conventional AMS analysis.