The Signal Corps was created and deployed for the first time, through the leadership of Albert J. Below major units like armies, soldiers were organized mainly into regiments, the main fighting unit with which a soldier would march and be deployed with, commanded by a colonel, lieutenant colonel, or possibly a major. Some units only possessed between four and eight companies and were generally known as battalions.Regiments were almost always raised within a single state, and were generally referred by number and state, e.g. Regiments were usually grouped into brigades under the command of a brigadier general. Mc Clellan, built and trained the massive Union Army of the Potomac, the primary fighting force in the Eastern Theater.
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At least two million and possibly as much as two and a half million men served in the Union Army; almost all (upwards of 94%) were volunteers. Approximately 20% of these officers, mostly Southerners, resigned and joined the Confederate army.
The Union Army fought and defeated the Confederate Army during the war.
Lee disapproved of secession, but refused to bear arms against his native state, Virginia, and resigned to accept the position as commander of Virginian C. Though officers were able to resign, enlisted soldiers didn´t have this right; which meant that they usually had either to desert or to wait until their enlistment term was over in order to join the Confederate States Army.
While the total number of those is unknown, only 26 enlisted men and non-commissioned officers of the regular army are known to have legally left the army to join the Confederate army when the war began.
Typically, the Department or District commander also had field command of the army of the same name, but some conflicts within the ranks occurred when this was not true, particularly when an army crossed a geographic boundary.