Cambridge became an important trading centre during the Roman and Viking ages, and there is archaeological evidence of settlement in the area as early as the Bronze Age.
The first town charters were granted in the 12th century, although modern city status was not officially conferred until 1951.
For the city in Massachusetts, United States, see Cambridge, Massachusetts.
For the city in Ontario, Canada, see Cambridge, Ontario.
By the 7th century, the town was less significant and described by Bede as a "little ruined city" containing the burial site of Etheldreda.
Their vigorous trading habits caused the town to grow rapidly.
With more than a third of English clergy dying in the Black Death, four new colleges were established at the university over the following years to train new clergymen, namely Gonville Hall, Trinity Hall, Corpus Christi and Clare.