Upper (southern) Egypt and Lower (northern) Egypt were joined by the King Menes in the third millennium .
This began the famous Pharaonic Age, in which a god-king, or pharaoh, ruled all of Egypt.
When a person dies, the burial is carried out as soon as possible, preferably on the same day. A young man enlists the help of his mother or a matchmaker to find a suitable prospective wife.
When a candidate is chosen, the prospective groom's family arranges to meet with the young woman's father to make a formal proposal.
All adults hope to conduct the Islamic hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca, at some time during their life.
Those who do so are given the title Hajj preceding their name, such as Hajj Mustafa (for a man) or Hajjah Fatima (for a woman).
Throughout Egypt's 6,000-year history, it was the focus of ambitions of foreign nations. Britain was the last colonial power to conquer Egypt. Egypt was then independent under the leadership of President Jamal Abd al-Nasir.