Among the minority groups living with the Albanian majority are ethnic Greeks, Slavs, Aromunians (Vlachs), and Rom (Gypsies).
Albania is bordered to the north by the Yugoslav republic of Montenegro, which has an approximate 10 percent Albanian minority living in regions along the Albanian-Montenegrin border.
It suggests around 1 in 11 of the 32,000 Albanian-born residents in England and Wales were detained, although some individuals may have been taken into custody more than once.
There were 649 Albanian inmates in jails at the end of June, making them the third largest foreign group.
The NCA report revealed that criminals from the Balkans were increasingly forging direct links with cocaine traffickers from South America.'The threat faced from Albanian crime groups is significant.
They are believed to have worked with Manchester's more established gangs - but were arming themselves with guns in case of conflict.
One of the main players, Mevlan Gjeta, 33, was jailed eight years after a kilo of cocaine plus £55,000 were found at his flat in the city.
The Albanologist Maximilian Lambertz (1882–1963) preferred a connection with the Albanian shqipe or shqiponjë ("eagle"), which is the symbol of Albania.